- Historical overview
- World War I: Battle of Verdun
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By August 4, the German 1st, 2nd and 3rd Armies—some 34 divisions of men—were in the process of aligning themselves on the right wing of the German lines, poised to move into Belgium. In total, seven German armies, with a total of 1. Built on a steep foot slope rising up from the Meuse River, some yards wide, and defended by 12 heavily armed forts—six on either side of the river, stretching along a mile circumference—Liege was considered by many to be the most heavily fortified spot in Europe.
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In fact, the Belgians put up a valiant defense from the first moment—a struggle led by their sovereign, King Albert, who had earlier urged his subjects to fight this threat to their neutrality and independence at all costs. Liege eventually fell to the Germans on August 15, but only after they had brought up the most powerful land weapons in their arsenal, the enormous siege cannons.
One type of cannon, built by the Austrian munitions firm Skoda, had a barrel measuring inches mm ; the other, manufactured by Krupps in Essen, Germany, was even more massive at Until that point, the largest guns had measured The main German advance through Belgium, towards France, began three days later, on August Fearful of civilian resistance, especially from snipers, or franc-tireurs , shooting at them from hidden positions in trees and bushes, German troops from the first day in Belgium took a hard line against the native population.
As early as August 5, the Germans had begun not only the shooting of ordinary civilians but the deliberate execution of Belgian priests, whom German propaganda at home insisted were encouraging franc-tireur activity. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! On this day in , the rusty iron gun turret of the U. Monitor broke from the water and into the daylight for the first time in years.
The ironclad warship was raised from the floor of the Atlantic, where it had rested since it went down in a storm off Cape Hatteras, Hugh Johnson illustrator. Language: English.
World War I: Battle of Verdun
Brand new Book. On 29 October , the new forts built around the cities of Liege and Namur, known as the 'Forts of the Meuse,' were turned over to the Belgian Army.
This huge project, the brainchild of General Henri Brialmont, produced 21 modern concrete and steel forts, which could defend the strategic rail, river and road arteries in the Oise and Condroz gaps. In August , the German Army attempted a quick crossing of this area in order to reach France, but it took them 12 crucial days to destroy the fortresses, with the 30, Belgian troops putting up a valiant fight.
Containing maps, diagrams and photographs taken from private collections, this book explores the design, development and influence of the 'Forts of the Meuse,' and highlights the importance of their role during the opening battle of World War I. Seller Inventory AAW More information about this seller Contact this seller.
Book Description Osprey Pub Co, Condition: Brand New.
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The province of namur at the heart of the great war by Wallonia Belgium Tourism - Issuu
Biographical Note. Clayton Donnell has been a student of history for the past 25 years.
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He grew up in the United States but spent several years in Europe, where, at an early age, he acquired what would become a lifelong interest in the study of fortifications. He collaborated on a recent bibliography on European fortifications and has written articles on the Maginot Line and the forts of Belgium.
His was the first English language website on the Maginot Line, and he also has an extensive site on the battle of Liege in August Clayton is married with three children and resides in south-eastern Pennsylvania. He is retired from the US Air Force. This is his first book for Osprey Publishing. He lives in Surrey, UK.